Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the ovaries. The ovaries are made up of 3 main kinds of cells. Each type of cell can develop into a different type of tumor:
Most of these tumors are benign and never spread beyond the ovary. Benign tumors can be treated by removing either the ovary or the tumor. Malignant ovarian tumors can spread to other parts of the body and can be fatal.
Signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer are frequently absent in early stages. In most cases, symptoms exist for several months before being recognized and diagnosed.
Symptoms can include bloating, abdomino-pelvic pain, and pain in the side. Other symptoms include back pain, irregular menstruation or postmenopausal vaginal bleeding, pain or bleeding after or during sexual intercourse, difficulty eating, loss of appetite, fatigue, diarrhea, indigestion, heartburn, constipation, nausea, early satiety, and possibly urinary symptoms.
Diagnosis of ovarian cancer starts with a physical examination, a blood test CA-125, and transvaginal ultrasound (TVS). CT scan is preferred to assess the extent of the tumor in the abdomino-pelvic cavity, though magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can also be used.
Treatment of Ovarian Cancer can be done with chemotherapy and surgery, and sometimes radiotherapy. Surgical treatment may be sufficient for cancer which is confined to the ovary. Addition of chemotherapy may be required for some cases. For patients with advanced disease, a combination of surgical reduction with a combination chemotherapy regimen is standard.
Treatment of Ovarian Cancer can be quite a burden to the patient, physically, mentally and emotionally. It is important for their family members to support them at all points in the treatment and after it, so that they may resume normal activities as early as possible.
MD- Gynecologist, Laparoscopic Surgeon, Uro-gynecologist , Infertility specialist & Cosmetic Gynecologist.Read more [+]