HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE DURING PREGNANCY
High blood pressure is a common phenomenon during pregnancy, particularly after the 20th week. However, it is equally important to treat it right to ensure the health of the mother as well as the baby.
High blood pressure may be developed during the pregnancy, or could be a pre-existing condition.
Normal blood pressure for to be mothers is 120/80 mm of Hg, although sometimes it may increase to 140/100. Anything higher than this value should is observed more closely.
Cases where high blood pressure during pregnancy occurs
- Preeclampsia - This is a potentially fatal condition for the fetus and the mother, often characterized by high blood pressure accompanied with swelling and urinary protein
- High blood pressure can also be observed if the mother is carrying more than one child at a time
- The mother is suffering from high blood pressure from before pregnancy
- Alcoholism and smoking are also potent causes for an elevated blood pressure
- Treatment of this condition is essential to prevent any health problems for the mother and the unborn child as well.
- The doctor is likely to recommend relaxants or other medication to lower the blood pressure without harming the fetus. However, the doctor is likely to ask the mother to avoid Angiotensin converting enzymes and Angiotensin Receptor Blockers.
Risk to Health
- High blood pressure may lead to problems of the kidney and the adrenal glands
- It is usually a sign of stress, hence it becomes even more important for the mother to be relaxed throughout the pregnancy and after
- Other problems that may arise due to hypertension are obesity, stress, etc
Medications for hypertension are often administered over a longer duration, and it is important for the mother to continue it properly
Once the blood pressure is under control, the doctor will ask her to follow a healthy diet and lifestyle, to ensure there is no recurrence and no harm to the fetus