HIGH RISK PREGNANCIES
Being pregnant is an important emotional and physical phase in a woman's life, and it is quite essential for her to take proper care in order to ensure proper health of herself as well as the baby. However, no pregnancy is without any problems, and it is necessary to deal with them at the earliest in order to avoid future complications.
Some of these problems can be particularly risky for the health of both the mother as well as the baby, and need to be solved in appropriate ways.
The major risk factors in a pregnancy are :
- Age (less than 17 or more than 35)
- Medical conditions existing before the pregnancy, like high blood pressure, kidney, heart problems, STDs, etc.
- Medical conditions occurring during pregnancy
The major conditions that occur during pregnancy and can pose as high risks are
- Preeclampsia- This condition shows high blood pressure, swelling and urinary protein, and can be fatal to the baby if left untreated.
- Gestational diabetes- Diabetes developed during pregnancy. It usually subsides after delivery.
- Premature labor- Labor that begins before the 37th week of pregnancy is said to be premature labor. The mother goes into labor before the fetus is fully grown
- Multiple pregnancies- carrying two or more babies at the same time
- Placental problems, like Placental Previa, in which the placenta covers the cervix. This can cause bleeding, and the doctor may have to resort to C-section for the delivery
- Fetal problems- problems with the fetus' growth, movement, responsiveness
Treatment and Prevention
To prevent high risk pregnancies, following steps need to be taken
- The mother should maintain a healthy, balanced diet
- Regular physical activity
- There should be an intake of at least 400 micrograms of Folic Acid every day before and throughout the pregnancy
- Getting immunizations regularly can help prevent any problems for the baby
- Avoid narcotics, alcohol and drugs (other than prescribed medications)