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Dr.Niraj Mahajan
Dr.Niraj Mahajan
Dr.Niraj Mahajan

ANTENATAL CARE

What is it?

  • A positive pregnancy test changes the life of a woman.
  • The next 9 months are quite important for the health of both the baby as well as the mother-to-be.
  • In order to go through this period without any complications, the pregnant woman has to follow a certain lifestyle, which ensures the birth of a healthy child as well as preventing any health disorders for the mother.

Antenatal care differs with the different stages of pregnancy.

First Trimester

  • The mother has to undergo different tests for HIV, Anemia, Hepatitis B, Diabetes and Preeclampsia during the first trimester.
  • Proper immunizations should be done
  • A proper balanced diet is to be followed to ensure essential nutrients are supplied to both the embryo and the mother
  • Alcohol, smoking and other narcotics should be strictly avoided
  • Proper and adequate rest is necessary

Second Trimester

  • Ultrasound scans are done to check for the growth of the baby inside the womb
  • Tests are performed for Amniocentesis and glucose screening
  • Potential health risks are heartburn, round ligament pain, back pain, Placenta Previa, etc
  • Physical activities should be minimized

Third Trimester

  • Braxton Hicks is a symptom that may resemble labor contractions
  • All physical activities should be gradually halted as the months pass
  • Diet should be strictly regulated
  • The mother also has to discuss with the doctor about the best way to deliver the child

Countdown to birth

  • Doctors usually recommend hospitalization a week before predicted birth
  • Once the labor pains start, contact the gynecologist immediately
  • In case of delivery at home, make sure the midwives are with the mom during the potential last week of pregnancy

"Authored By Dr.Niraj Mahajan"

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Dr. Niraj Mahajan

MD- Gynecologist, Laparoscopic Surgeon, Uro-gynecologist , Infertility specialist & Cosmetic Gynecologist.

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