1. What is the Most Common Blood Group ?
Correct Answer: d)
O positive is the most common blood type. Not all ethnic groups have the same mix of these blood types. Hispanic people, for example, have a relatively high number of O’s, while Asian people have a relatively high number of B’s.
2. Rh Incompatibility occurs with
a) Rh –ve father & Rh+ve mother
b) Rh –ve mother & Rh –ve father
c) Rh –ve mother & Rh +ve father
d) Rh +ve mother & Rh +ve father
Correct Answer: c) Rh –ve mother & Rh +ve father.
3. Blood Loss during Surgery
Sudden blood loss of 30% during surgery results in (Select FALSE)
a) immediate fall in CVP
b) reduced urine output despite adequate maintenance of systolic BP
c) stimulation of baroreceptors
d) should be replaced if blood loss 15% blood volume
e) blood transfusion is only required if blood pressure falls
Correct Answer: e)
“blood transfusion is only required if blood pressure falls” is false. The circulating blood volume is 80–100mL/kg. Rest all are true and self explanatory.
4. Bloody vicious cycle
‘Bloody vicious cycle’ or ‘Vicious Bloody Triad’ or ‘Trauma triad of death’ of massive blood loss and transfusion is characterized by
a) Acidosis, hypotension and oliguria
b) Acidosis, hypotension and coagulopathy
c) Acidosis, hypothermia and coagulopathy
d) Acidosis, hyperthermia and coagulopathy
e) Acidosis, hypotension and death
Correct Answer: c) Acidosis, hypothermia and coagulopathy.
The lethal triad of hypothermia, acidosis and coagulopathy has been recognized as a significant cause of death in patients with traumatic injuries. Hemorrhage and tissue injury cause this predictable triad of complicating factors.4 Ultimately, this triad resulted in worsening hemorrhage and eventual death. The triad begins and ends with bleeding.
5. IV line for Blood Transfusion
Can we administer drugs via same IV line as blood transfusion ?
Correct Answer: b) No.
Medication can not be added to the blood bag or the transfusion line. If drugs need to be administered via the same IV line as a transfusion – the transfusion shall be stopped and the line flushed with normal saline. Administer the drug, then flush the line with normal saline before restarting the transfusion. This manoeuvre should not result in the transfusion of red cells exceeding 4 hours.
6. Blood administration set
Blood administration set used for red cells should never be subsequently used for platelet transfusion
Correct Answer: a) True.
An administration set used for red cells should never be subsequently used for platelet transfusion since the red cell debris trapped in the filter would trap the platelets.
7. BT Set
Because of the risk of bacterial contamination, administration sets should be changed on completion of the red cell transfusion or every —– hours
a) 4 hours
b) 6 hours
c) 8 hours
d) 16 hours
e) 24 hours
Correct Answer: c) 8 hours.
Because of the risk of bacterial contamination, administration sets should be changed on completion of the red cell transfusion or every 8 hours. One standard administration set may be used for the administration of 2-4 units of red blood cells provided the flow rate remains adequate. In an emergency or theatre situation 8-10 units may be transfused before the set is changed provided the set is changed every 8 hours.
8. IUT- Intrauterine transfusion
If fetal transfusion (IUT- Intrauterine transfusion) is required what type of donor blood should be used ?
Correct Answer: Red cell preparations for IUT should be group O (low titre haemolysin) or ABO identical with the fetus (if known) and negative for the antigen(s) corresponding to maternal red cell antibodies.
9. Blood Transfusion to Neonate
When blood is being administered by syringe to small infants or neonates the blood should be drawn into the syringe via a 170-200 micron filter.
Correct Answer: a) True. Filter removes clots and small clumps of debris that may form during collection and storage.
"Authored By Dr.Niraj Mahajan"
MD- Gynecologist, Laparoscopic Surgeon, Uro-gynecologist , Infertility specialist & Cosmetic Gynecologist.Read more [+]