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Dr.Niraj Mahajan
Dr.Niraj Mahajan
Dr.Niraj Mahajan


What is it?

  • Endometrial cancer is a cancer of the uterus that originates in the inner lining of the uterine hollow i.e. the Endometrium.
  • Sometimes, it is also referred to as Uterine Cancer.
  • Uterine Sarcoma is a much rarer occurrence than Endometrial Cancer


Symptoms of endometrial cancer include

  • Vaginal bleeding even after the patient has crossed menopause
  • Abnormal bleeding during the menstrual cycle
  • Watery discharge from the vagina
  • Pain in the pelvic region


  • The cause of endometrial cancer is yet unknown, however it is believed that some factors create a genetic mutation in the endometrial cells
  • This causes the abnormal cells to grow and proliferate out of control, forming a tumor mass

Risk Factors

  • Hormonal imbalance in the female body
  • Early menses or late menopause
  • Never having a pregnancy
  • Age
  • Obesity

There is a possibility of the cancer spreading to other organs in the body, resulting in further complications.


Endometrial cancer is diagnosed using the following techniques

  • Pelvic examination
  • Using sound imaging techniques
  • Performing biopsies


Treatment for Endometrial cancer is mostly done in combinations of two or more of the following methods

  • Hysterectomy (surgical removal of the uterus)
  • In some cases, the surgeon may also perform a Salpingo-oophorectomy (surgical removal of the ovaries and Fallopian tubes)
  • Radiation therapy (using focused high energy radiations to destroy the cancerous cells in the endometrium)
  • Hormone therapy (using female sex hormones to facilitate the ejection of the cancerous cells)
  • Chemotherapy (using chemicals to kill the cancerous cells without harming any healthy tissue)


  • Having a hysterectomy means the patient cannot be pregnant anymore
  • Also, it is a matter of psychological recovery, to recover from any cancer

Post Surgery

  • The patient is advised complete rest for sufficient period, accompanied with rehabilitation
  • Cancer can be emotionally disturbing to anyone, and hence, it is important for the woman to have good emotional support after coming through the treatment
  • Extreme physical activities should be avoided till full recovery

"Authored By Dr.Niraj Mahajan"

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Dr. Niraj Mahajan

MD- Gynecologist, Laparoscopic Surgeon, Uro-gynecologist , Infertility specialist & Cosmetic Gynecologist.

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