Endometriosis is a painful condition in which tissue lining the inside of your uterus grows outside the uterus. Endometriosis generally involves the ovaries, bowel and/or the tissue lining the pelvis. In rare cases, the endometrial tissue spreads beyond the pelvic region.
In endometriosis, displaced endometrial tissue acts the way it normally would: it thickens, breaks down and bleeds out of the body with each menstrual cycle. Since this displaced tissue has no way to exit the body, it becomes trapped inside the body. Surrounding tissue and organs can become irritated, and may develop scar tissue and adhesions (abnormal tissue that connects the organs together).
The procedure may last for one to two hours, depending upon the level of proliferation of endometrial tissue outside the uterus.
Endometriosis is characterized by one or more of the following symptoms-
Hormone therapy and pain medications may be prescribed in most cases. Surgery is usually reserved as a last resort, only performed in serious cases.
"Authored By Dr.Niraj Mahajan"
MD- Gynecologist, Laparoscopic Surgeon, Uro-gynecologist , Infertility specialist & Cosmetic Gynecologist.Read more [+]