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Dr.Niraj Mahajan
Dr.Niraj Mahajan
Dr.Niraj Mahajan

GYNECOLOGICAL CANCER SURGERY

What is Gynecological Cancer Surgery?

  • Gynecological cancer is a tumor affecting one or more of the Cervix, Uterus, Ovaries and other pelvic organs.
  • The treatment procedures for the cancer depend on the malignancy, size, location and rate of proliferation of the tumorous growth

Diagnosis

  • The tumor is first diagnosed using different imaging techniques, like MRI, Ultrasound, etc.
  • After this, a biopsy is conducted to detect the nature of the cancerous cells.
  • Depending on this diagnosis, further treatment procedures are determined

Types of Surgery

Following are the types of surgeries performed

  • Staging surgery - removal of tissue samples from different Pelvic organs to determine the proliferation of the cancer
  • Debulking - Removal of maximum portion of the tumor so that less tumor is left to be treated by chemotherapy
  • Total Hysterectomy - Removal of the uterus and the cervix
  • Radical Hysterectomy - Removal of uterus, cervix and a part of the vagina. In some cases, the ovaries, Fallopian tube and/or nearby lymph nodes may also be surgically removed
  • Salpingo-oophorectomy - Removal of one or both ovaries and Fallopian tubes
  • Lymph node removal - Removal of all lymph nodes in the neighboring region of the pelvic organs

Follow up

  • The surgical procedure aims at removing as much of the tumor as possible.
  • After this, appropriate methods such as chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy are used to remove the rest of the tumor
  • In case of hysterectomy or other procedures involving total removal of the organ, further procedures are not required

Alternative methods

In some cases, the following methods of surgery may be used-

  • Laparoscopic surgery
  • Robot assisted surgery
  • Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy Treatment

Post Surgery

  • The patient is advised complete rest for sufficient period, accompanied with rehabilitation
  • Cancer can be emotionally disturbing to anyone, and hence, it is important for the woman to have good emotional support after coming through the treatment
  • Extreme physical activities should be avoided till full recovery

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Dr. Niraj Mahajan

MD- Gynecologist, Laparoscopic Surgeon, Uro-gynecologist , Infertility specialist & Cosmetic Gynecologist.

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