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Dr.Niraj Mahajan
Dr.Niraj Mahajan
Dr.Niraj Mahajan


Menopause marks the end of a woman's menstrual cycles, usually in her 40s or 50s at the most.

Menopause is said to have struck 12 months after the woman's last period. It indicates the end of a woman's fertility; however, she can stay healthy and sexually active even after menopause.


In the months preceding the menopause, the woman may face the following symptoms

  • Irregularity in periods - Periods may arrive too late or too early, or may be skipped entirely
  • Dryness in the vagina
  • Hot flashes
  • Abnormal sweating during the night
  • Sleep problems - insomnia (lack of sleep) or excessive sleeping. In either case, consult a doctor
  • Mood changes - Regardless of the situation, the woman may suffer from sudden changes in mood, and may suddenly grow brooding
  • Gain in weight and slowed metabolism - sudden weight gain of more than 5 kg
  • Thinning hair, receding hairline and/or dry skin
  • Sagging of breasts


Menopause may be caused by one or more of the following reasons

  • Natural hormonal changes with age
  • Hysterectomy
  • Cancer treatment therapies, like chemotherapy, radiation therapy, etc
  • In rare cases, ovarian problems

Menopause is normal if the woman is in her 40s. However, if it occurs before, in the 30s or even earlier, medical consultation is necessary

Menopause does not require any specific symptoms; a whole year of missed periods is hard to not notice


In case of early menopause, the doctor will recommend the following tests

  • Blood test to check for FSH and Estrogen levels
  • Blood test for TSH


Treatments for premature menopause are

  • Hormonal therapy includes using FSH, LH and Thyroid Hormone medications
  • Antidepressants, because menopause can be emotionally disturbing for a woman
  • Medications to treat osteoporosis- menopause generally results in loss of calcium from the bones, leading to an increased risk of osteoporosis

Menopause is generally irreversible; however, if premature menopause is diagnosed early, there is a slight chance to continue the menstrual cycle

Post Treatment

Once the menstrual cycle restarts, it is essential that the woman try for pregnancy as early as possible.

It is advised to try for pregnancy before the woman crosses the age of 35.

"Authored By Dr.Niraj Mahajan"

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Dr. Niraj Mahajan

MD- Gynecologist, Laparoscopic Surgeon, Uro-gynecologist , Infertility specialist & Cosmetic Gynecologist.

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