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Dr.Niraj Mahajan
Dr.Niraj Mahajan
Dr.Niraj Mahajan


What is it?

  • A tubal ligation is a surgical procedure in which the woman's Fallopian Tubes are tied, cut or blocked to prevent fertilization.
  • In non surgical procedure, tubal implants are placed in each tube, and scar tissue develops gradually around them, effectively blocking the passage of egg cells towards the sperm.
  • This is normally used as a birth control technique, for women who wish to practice sex without the fear of pregnancy.


  • The surgery acts as a sterilization process
  • The woman can have sex without the risk of pregnancy after this surgery
  • This surgery does NOT protect from any sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and a condom should be used nonetheless.


  • The surgery is performed with the patient under general or local anesthesia
  • The patient is required to have a void bladder for a few hours before the surgery


A tubal ligation may be performed in the following ways

  • Laparoscopic method, in which the ligation is done by a laparoscope introduced in the body through a small incision in the abdomen
  • Postpartum tubal ligation (performed after childbirth)
  • An open tubal ligation is recommended if the patient has a history of abdominal surgeries, endometriosis or Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
  • Tubal implants are introduced in the tubes without surgery or anesthesia, and take about 10 minutes

Post surgery

After a tubal ligation, the following are common occurrences

  • Slight bleeding through the vagina
  • Cramps in the lower abdomen


  • The patient is advised to avoid any physical activities for at least 24 hours after tubal ligation
  • In case of tubal implants, it is advised to use another method of contraception for at least 3 months
  • No backup is needed in case of surgical procedure
  • In case of any abnormal discharge from the vagina or the wounds, contact the doctor immediately, as it may be a sign of infection

"Authored By Dr.Niraj Mahajan"

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Dr. Niraj Mahajan

MD- Gynecologist, Laparoscopic Surgeon, Uro-gynecologist , Infertility specialist & Cosmetic Gynecologist.

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